2017年英语专业四级真题及答案

III. 语言知识:

11. ___B_____ combination of techniques authors use, all stories---from the briefest anecdotes to the longest novels ----have a plot.

A. Regarding B. Whatever. C. In so far as D. No matter

12. She followed the receptionist down a luxurious corridor to a closed door, ____B______ the women gave a quick knock before opening it..

A. wherein B. on which C. but when D. then

13. Ms Ennab is one of the first Palestinian ______C____ with seven years’ racing experience. A. woman drivers B. women driver C. women drivers D. woman driver

14. “I wondered if I could have a word with you.” The past tense in the sentence refers to a __B___. A. past event for exact time reference B. present event for tentativeness C. present event for uncertainty D. past event for politeness

15. “If I were you, I wouldn’t wait to propose to her.” The subjunctive mood in the sentence is used to ____D______. A. alleviate hostility B. express unfavorable feelings C. indicate uncertainty D. make a suggestion

16. “It’s a shame that the city official should have gone back on his word.” The modal auxiliary SHOULD express __B_____. A obligation B disappointment C future in the past D. tentativeness

17. Timothy Ray Brown, the first man cured of HIV, initially opted against the stem cell transplantation that _____D______ history. A. could have later made B. should have made later C. might make later D. would later make

18. Some Martian rock structures look strikingly like structures on Earth that are known ___C___by microbes. A. having been created B. being created C. to have been created D. to be created

19. At that moment, with the crowd watching me, I was not afraid in the ordinary sense, as ______ if I ____A_______alone.

A. would have been …had been B. should be … had been C. could be … were D. might have been… were 20. You must fire __C____ incompetent assistant of yours A. the B. an C. that D. whichever

21. Some narratives seem more like plays, heavy with dialogue by which writers allow their

__A___to reveal themselves. A. characters B. characteristics C. charisma D characterizations

22. If you intend to melt the snow for drinking water, you can ___D_____ extra purity by running it through a coffee filter.

A. assure B. insure C. reassure D. ensure

23. The daisy-like flowers of chamomile have been used for centuries to ___B____anxiety and insomnia.

A. decline B. relieve C quench D suppress

24. Despite concern about the disappearance of the album in popular music, 2014 delivered a great crop of album ___C_______.

A. publications B appearances C. releases D. presentations

25. The party’s reduced vote in the general election was ___C______of lack of support for its policies.

A. revealing B. confirming C. indicative D. evident

26. He closed his eyes and held the two versions of La Mappa to his mind’s __B______ to analyze their differences.

A. vision B eye C. view D. sight

27. Twelve pupils were killed and five ___A_____injured after gunmen attacked the school during lunchtime.

A. critically B. enormously C. greatly D. hard

28. A 15-year-old girl has been arrested ___C_____ accusations of using Instagram to anonymously threaten her high-school. A. over B. with C. on D. for

29. It was reported that a 73-year-old man died on an Etihad flight __D______to Germany from Abu Dhabi.

A. bounded B. binded C. boundary D. bound

30. It’s ____B_____ the case in the region; a story always sounds clear enough at a distanced, but the nearer you get to the scene of events the vaguer it becomes. A. unchangeably B. invariably C. unalterably D. immovably

IV. 完形填空:

A. always B. barely C. demise D. emergence E. gained F. implications G. leaf H. lost I. naturally J. object K. one L. online M. rising N. single O. value

MILLIONS of people now rent their movies the Netflix way. They fill out a wish list from the 50,000 titles on the company's Web site and receive the first few DVD's in the mail; when they

mail each one back, the next one on the list is sent. The Netflix model has been exhaustively analyzed for its disruptive, new-economy(31)implications. What will it mean for video stores like Blockbuster, which has, in fact, started a similar service? What will it mean for movie studios and theaters? What does it show about \like those for Dutch movies or classic musicals, into a (32)single large audience? But one other major implication has (33)barely been mentioned: what this and similar Internet-based businesses mean for that stalwart of the old economy, the United States Postal Service.

Every day, some two million Netflix envelopes come and go as first-class mail. They are joined by millions of other shipments from (34)online pharmacies, eBay vendors, Amazon.com and other businesses that did not exist before the Internet.

The(35)demise of \mail\in the age of instant electronic communication has been predicted at least as often as the coming of the paperless office. But the consumption of paper keeps (36)rising. It has roughly doubled since 1980. On average, an American household receives twice as many pieces of mail a day as it did in the 1970's.

The harmful side of the Internet's impact is obvious but statistically less important than many would guess. People (37) naturally write fewer letters when they can send e-mail messages. To (38) leaf through a box of old paper correspondence is to know what has been _(39) lost in this shift: the pretty stamps, the varying look and feel of handwritten and typed correspondence, the tangible (40) object that was once in the sender's hands.

V. Reading comprehension Section A Passage one

(1)When I was a young girl living in Ireland, I was always pleased when it rained, because that meant I could go treasure hunting. What’s the connection between a wet day and a search for buried treasure? Well, it’s quite simple. Ireland, as some of you may already know, is the home of Leprechauns – little men who possess magic powers and, perhaps more interestingly, pots of gold.

(2)Now, although Leprechauns are interesting characters, I have to admit that I was more intrigued by the stories of their treasure hoard. This, as all of Ireland knows, they hide at the end of the rainbow. Leprechauns can be fearsome folk but if you can discover the end of the rainbow, they have to unwillingly surrender their gold to you. So whenever it rained, I would look up in the sky and follow the curve of the rainbow to see where it ended. I never did unearth any treasure, but I did spend many happy, showery days dreaming of what I could do with the fortune if I found it.

(3)As I got older, and started working, rainy days came to be just another nuisance and my childhood dreams of finding treasure faded. But for some people the dream of striking it lucky never fades, and for a fortunate few, the dream even comes true! Such is the case of Mel Fisher. His dream of finding treasure also began in childhood, while reading the great literature classics “Treasure Island” and “Moby Dick”. However, unlike myself, he chased his dream and in the end managed to become one of the most famous professional treasure hunters of all time, and for good reason. In 1985, he fished up the priceless cargo of the sunken Spanish ship Atocha, which netted him an incredible $400 million dollars!

(4)After the ship sank in 1622 off the coast of Florida, its murky waters became a treasure trove of precious stones, gold bars and silver coins known as “pieces of eight”. The aptly-named Fisher, who ran a commercial salvaging operation, had been trying to locate the underwater treasure for over 16 years when he finally hit the jackpot! His dreams had come true but finding and keeping the treasure wasn’t all plain sailing. After battling with hostile conditions at sea, Fisher then had to battle in the courts. In fact, the State of Florida took Fisher to court over ownership of the find and the Federal government soon followed suit. After more than 200 hearings, Fisher agreed to donate 20% of his yearly findings for public display, and so now there is a museum in Florida which displays hundreds of the objects which were salvaged from the Atocha.

(5)This true story seems like a modern-day fairytale: a man pursues his dream through adversity and in the end, he triumphs over the difficulties - they all live happily ever after, right? Well, not exactly. Archaeologists object to the fact that with commercial salvaging operations like Fisher’s, the objects are sold and dispersed and UNESCO are worried about protecting our underwater heritage from what it describes as “pillaging”.

(6)The counter-argument is that in professional, well-run operations such as Fisher’s, each piece is accurately and minutely recorded and that it is this information which is more important than the actual object, and that such operations help increase our wealth of archaeological knowledge. Indeed, as in Fisher’s case, they make history more accessible to people through museum donations and information on web sites.

(7)The distinction of whether these treasure hunters are salvaging or pillaging our underwater heritage may not be clear, but what is clear is that treasure hunting is not just innocent child’s play anymore but profitable big business. I have learnt that the end of the rainbow is beyond my reach, but in consolation, with just a click of the mouse, I too can have a share in the riches that the Atocha has revealed. As Friedrich Nietzsche so wisely said: “Our treasure lies in the beehive of our knowledge.”

41. In Para.4, the phrase “hit the jackpot” means ______according to the text. A. discovered the jackpot. B. found the treasure C. broke one of the objects D. ran a salvaging operation

42. It can be concluded from Paras. 5 and 6 that _________. A. people hold entirely different views on the issue B. UNESCO’s view is different from archaeologists’ C. all salvaging operations should be prohibited D. attention should be paid to the find’s educational value

43. How did the author feel about the treasure from the Atocha (Para. 7)? A. She was unconcerned about where the treasure came from B. She was sad that she was unable to discover and salvage treasure. C. She was angry that treasure hunters were pillaging heritage. D. She was glad that people can have a chance to see the treasure.

Passage two

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